Canada UN review calls out Canada's treatment of Indigenous Peoples

01:26  12 may  2018
01:26  12 may  2018 Source:   cbc.ca

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a person taking a selfie: The United Nations Human Rights Council told Justice Minister Jody Wilson-Raybould that Canada needs to work to improve the treatment of indigenous peoples.© Canadian Press/Fred Chartrand The United Nations Human Rights Council told Justice Minister Jody Wilson-Raybould that Canada needs to work to improve the treatment of indigenous peoples.

Members of the United Nations Human Rights Council are urging Canada to improve its treatment of Indigenous people, in particular women and girls.

Justice Minister Jody Wilson-Raybould represented Canada in Geneva for the UN's third Universal Periodic Review of human rights.

Wilson-Raybould says she heard the council's message "loudly and clearly," including the need to support the national inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls and addressing the over-representation of Aboriginal women behind bars.

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“The report will be made public on Monday,” James Anaya, the UN special rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples , told CBC News in an email on Saturday. Anaya’ s initial assessment of the conditions facing aboriginals in Canada was grim.

also reports on the status of Members States, including Canada , in their treatments of Indigenous Nations and groups such as the MSGC. Sections 20/21/26 of the General Assembly Outcome Documents (Resolution 69/2-2014) called on member states to recognize Indigenous Peoples

"We know this is a challenge we're facing, it needs to be addressed in a fundamental way," she said Friday in a telephone interview from Geneva.

The review, first established in 2008, sees the council review the human rights records of all UN members and make recommendations for improvement.

Canada has taken part in two reviews, in 2009 and in 2013, although 2018 marks the first time that a federal minister has led a delegation for the presentation.

Wilson-Raybould said she welcomes the feedback — and while Canada has made important gains, a great deal more work remains.

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The government is still considering whether it will grant the missing and murdered women inquiry a two-year extension, which commissioners requested in March.

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consistent interpretation and treatment of Indigenous peoples ’ fundamental rights. The duty to “fully cooperate” required Canada to support the Coun-cil in carrying out its responsibility “for promoting In relation to the UN Declaration and Indigenous peoples ’ human rights, the Canadian government has

--- Canada ’ s Aboriginal Peoples : UN report UN rapporteur on indigenous rights James Anaya talks about his report on Canada (video, duration 7:09) UN panel calls for better treatment of Canada ' s Aboriginals, immigrants February 6, 2009 GENEVA — A United Nations panel is calling on Canada

The decision will come "in the near future", she said.

"We will ensure Indigenous survivors and family members will be heard by the commission and that we will complete the work of the national inquiry in a way that allows those voices to be heard, commemorates lived experiences of Indigenous women and gets at the root causes of why the situation exists in the first place," Wilson-Raybould said.

In a speech to the council, she highlighted the government's launch of the inquiry, its work in eliminating boil-water advisories in First Nations communities and its intention to implement the 94 recommendations from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

She also raised the government's plan to work with First Nations, Inuit and Metis people on a recognition and rights framework, which she said builds on the government's reconciliation efforts.

The struggle continues

Wilson-Raybould said she is reviewing Criminal Code and that the government is working on pay equity legislation. She reminded the council of Trudeau's apology to those in the LGBTQ2 community harmed by past federal legislation.

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Send petitions, emails, or tweets to world leaders. Call governments or join rallies. We offer a variety of ways to make your voice heard. Justin Trudeau Just Devoted His UN Speech to Confronting Canada ’ s Mistreatment of Indigenous People .

The review confirmed however that Canada is still "failing millions of Canadians by denying them an equal chance to succeed and thrive," said Marie-Claude Landry, chief commissioner of the Canadian Human Rights Commission.

"The recommendations in this third UPR are not a surprise to anyone," she said. "For the most part, they are largely the same as those presented to Canada in 2013. This latest review is evidence that, despite best efforts at all levels of government, Canada continues to struggle to address this country's most urgent human rights issues."

Landry credited the government for putting human rights back on the agenda and cited the prioritization of women's equality, reconciliation, homelessness and LGBTQ2 rights as examples.

Wilson-Raybould acknowledged that Canada is "not perfect" and that there's room for improvement.

"Hearing from our peers is an opportunity to take recommendations and do what we can to improve."

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