Canada How hard would it actually be for Toronto to become its own province?

08:57  05 august  2018
08:57  05 august  2018 Source:   nationalpost.com

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If the entire Greater Toronto Area were to break off into a new province , its six million people would instantly become Canada’s largest province by population. How Drake fuelled another viral dance sensation with his new single.

Torontonians have talked about it before, but actually seceding would be one of the most difficult political maneuvers in Canadian history. be - for - toronto - to - become - its - own - province /wcm/3000069e-914f-4b0a-a624-ca1a80f18837.

Parliaments2: All Toronto needs to do is get all these nine chambers to agree to the same proposal relatively quickly and without amendments.© Postmedia File/Public domain All Toronto needs to do is get all these nine chambers to agree to the same proposal relatively quickly and without amendments. Hours before registering to become a candidate for Toronto mayor last week, the city’s former chief planner Jennifer Keesmaat publicly called for the city to break off from Ontario to form Canada’s 11th province.

“Secession,” she wrote in a concise tweet on Friday, later wondering, “Why should a city of 2.8 million not have self governance?”

Torontonians have talked about it before, but actually seceding would be one of the most difficult political maneuvers in Canadian history.

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At a meeting of the Bruce County Federation of Agriculture in 2010, a Member of Provincial Parliament from central Ontario, Bill Murdoch, suggested that the city of Toronto become its own province ,[23][24] but the other parts of the GTA (also known as the 905) would remain in Ontario,[3]

In Toronto , he likes the approach Sidewalk has taken so far: Rather than designing its own tech fantasy from scratch, Sidewalk started by asking Toronto for its own vision for its future, through a full year of public consultations, and it is using that to shape the company’s plans.

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Under the Constitution, the “establishment of new provinces” cannot occur without a constitutional amendment. That amendment would require approval not only from Queen’s Park and Ottawa, but from legislatures in “at least two-thirds of the provinces” representing at least 50 per cent of the population of all ten provinces.

In short, for Toronto to secede it would need majority support from at least nine representative bodies of government: The House of Commons, the Senate, the Ontario Legislative Assembly and at least six other provinces.

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“… The premier on his or her own has much wider powers than a Toronto mayor in our ‘weak mayor’ system because of the ( provincial ) Transit projects: In March, the province made the unexpected announcement that it would match .89 billion in federal transit funding with .04 billion of its own .

And for the proposal to be taken seriously, it’s almost a guarantee it would also need to be approved by Toronto City Council and in a city-wide referendum.

It would be one of the most difficult political challenges since Canada’s creation in 1867.

Even in that case, the Fathers of Confederation needed to obtain approval from just five representative bodies, three of which were colonial legislatures with a vested interest in forming a new country.

The other two, the United Kingdom’s House of Commons and House of Lords, had essentially agreed to rubber stamp whatever proposal Canada sent them.

Toronto secessionists, by contrast, could well face a hostile Queen’s Park, as well as a House of Commons and Senate in Ottawa that would be wary of encouraging secessionist movements elsewhere in the country.

Meanwhile, six other provinces would need to be convinced to back the proposal, despite it offering them no apparent direct benefit. And if Canada’s recent interprovincial trade spats are any indication, Canadian provinces are very reluctant to do anything for each other that doesn’t yield political capital back home.

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It ’s not hard to see why Doug Ford, the golden-haired former football player “Because the province is so powerful, whoever becomes premier is a major player in the federal scene.” Rob Ford, who became Toronto mayor in 2010, campaigned on a similar populist, anti-establishment agenda.

It is hard to suggest a single province that would suit everybody. You can look at the diversity, like Ontario, the Quebec administers its own immigration programme, to a degree. For Chinese or yellow people that is Vancouver, Richmond, Richmond Hill, Markham, Toronto , Montreal, etc.

“The problem would be that the provinces would tack on other demands,” said Philippe Lagassé, an expert in the Westminster system based at Carleton University.

It’s perhaps no surprise that Canada’s two other major attempts to reform the Constitution — the Meech Lake and Charlottetown Accords — all went down in flames.

In fact, Meech Lake was arguably brought down by a single vote from Manitoba MLA Elijah Harper.

Prior to the patriation of the Constitution in 1982, it used to be way easier to add provinces to Confederation. Saskatchewan and Alberta were created with little more than acts of parliament.

In 1949 it only took a U.K. Act of Parliament to make Newfoundland the 10th province, although in that case Newfoundlanders themselves also approved the decision in a pair of narrowly-won referendums.

Despite the insurmountable odds of achieving provincehood, the idea of Toronto as a province has been raised before by the likes of urban theorist Jane Jacobs and former Toronto mayor Mel Lastman.

In 2000, Toronto city councillor Michael Walker went so far as to campaign for Toronto secession to be made a ballot issue — only to have the proposal swiftly slapped down by Ontario’s then-Progressive Conservative government of Mike Harris.

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TORONTO — For a city striving to become a major technology center, it was a prize catch: A Google corporate An agency that included the federal government, the city and the province of Ontario was looking for a developer for about 800 acres of federally owned waterfront just east of downtown.

Nicholas Hune-Brown (@nickhunebrown) has written for Toronto Life, Hazlitt, and The Believer. The Walrus counts on its writers to make independent evaluations of difficult topics. The best journalism—no matter how descriptive, opinion driven, or narrative driven— is based on facts, and

“We just can’t afford to be in the business of exporting more and more of our hard-earned money out to prop up the rest of province,” Walker said at the time.

If the entire Greater Toronto Area were to break off into a new province, its six million people would instantly become Canada’s largest province by population. Its estimated $304 billion GDP would make it Canada’s fourth-wealthiest province, just behind Alberta.

An independent GTA would also be slightly larger geographically than Prince Edward Island, sparing it the title of smallest province.

Although Canadian or U.S. metropolises are all contained within larger regional governments, it’s not unprecedented for countries to give their largest city its own province or state.

Mexico City is one of Mexico’s 32 autonomous federal entities. In Germany the cites of Berlin and Hamburg are both counted among the country’s 16 constituent states.

Twitter: TristinHopper | Email: thopper@nationalpost.com

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