Money Analysis | What happens if a cop forces you to unlock your iPhone X with your face?

10:08  14 september  2017
10:08  14 september  2017 Source:   The Washington Post

Apple's New Phone to Be Called `iPhone X,' Code Leaks Show

  Apple's New Phone to Be Called `iPhone X,' Code Leaks Show Apple Inc.’s most important new phone for years will be called the iPhone X, according to a leak of the company’s latest mobile operating system on Saturday. Strings of software code inside of the leaked operating system, first detailed by Apple news website 9to5Mac, show the expected three new phones will be called the iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus, and iPhone X. App and game developer Steven Troughton-Smith discovered the names in the software and tweeted about it on Saturday.

Analysis is the process of breaking a complex topic or substance into smaller parts in order to gain a better understanding of it. The technique has been applied in the study of mathematics and logic since before Aristotle (384–322 B.C.), though analysis as a formal concept is a relatively recent development.

The newspaper printed an analysis of each candidate's positions. That's not a bad analysis of the situation. It's a problem that requires careful analysis . He has been in analysis for many years.

  © AP  

Imagine you've been detained at customs, waiting to cross the border. Or maybe you've been pulled over for a traffic violation. An officer waves your cellphone at you.

“Look at this. Is this yours?” he asks.

Before you can respond, a tiny infrared sensor in the phone has scanned your face. Matching those readings against the copy of your face that is stored in its archive, the phone concludes that its owner is trying to unlock it. The device lowers its defenses, surrendering its contents in moments to the law enforcement officer holding your phone.

Without you saying a word, he has gotten everything he wanted.

Apple introduces ‘Face ID’ for iPhone X

  Apple introduces ‘Face ID’ for iPhone X Apple today confirmed the iPhone X will feature facial recognition technology dependent upon a new “true depth camera system” including an infrared camera, flood illuminator, dot projector, and proximity sensor. The Face ID feature will work in low light situations and, according to Apple, there’s only a one in a million chance another face (unless you have an evil twin) can unlock your device.Every time you look at your iPhone X it detects your face. The feature will allow users to unlock devices simply by looking at them, essentially letting iPhone owners to use their face as a password.

Data analysis , also known as analysis of data or data analytics, is a process of inspecting, cleansing, transforming, and modeling data with the goal of discovering useful information, suggesting conclusions, and supporting decision-making.

Content analysis is a research method for studying communication artifacts. Social scientists use content analysis to quantify patterns in communication. Practices and philosophies of content analysis vary between scholarly communities.

That's the nightmare scenario that some privacy and security experts are raising after Apple on Tuesday unveiled its new iPhone X (pronounced iPhone "10"), a device with powerful facial-recognition features. The technology, Apple said, replaces the home button and fingerprint reader that was so revolutionary just a few years ago with a new authentication system known as Face ID.

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For all intents and purposes, Face ID works just like its predecessor, Touch ID. The only difference is that instead of scanning your fingerprint, the iPhone X scans your face. It's an incredibly convenient feature, one that could raise security across the board by helping to curb the use of weak passcodes such as "121212.”

Why Face ID won’t give you the legal protection of a passcode

  Why Face ID won’t give you the legal protection of a passcode In the short time since Apple announced its Face ID feature for the iPhone X, we’ve seen a lot of questions about its security compared to a fingerprint or passcode. For example, if you’re arrested, can a police officer just point your phone at your face and unlock it?Apple has some technical features that might make this harder. The iPhone X isn’t supposed to unlock if your eyes are closed, for example, and since iOS 11 reportedly lets you disable Touch ID on the fly, you might be able to do the same for Face ID.

Factor analysis is a statistical method used to describe variability among observed, correlated variables in terms of a potentially lower number of unobserved variables called factors. For example, it is possible that variations in six observed variables mainly reflect the variations in two unobserved (underlying)

Much like the cluster analysis grouping similar cases, the factor analysis groups similar variables into dimensions. This process is also called identifying latent variables. Since factor analysis is an explorative analysis it does not distinguish between independent and dependent variables.

But the introduction of Face ID also instantly led to questions among civil liberties experts, who say the technology raises the risk of abuse.

“You have to work pretty hard to get me to put my fingerprint on a reader,” said Chris Calabrese, vice president for policy at the Center for Democracy and Technology. “You have to work less hard to put a phone in front of somebody's face.”

Apple’s New Face ID Might Be Problematic | Video by Fortune

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Can the police really force you to unlock your phone with just your face?

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Spatial analysis or spatial statistics includes any of the formal techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties. Spatial analysis includes a variety of techniques, many still in their early development

Think of fundamental analysis as a toolbox to help you answer this question. Note: The term fundamental analysis is used most often in the context of stocks, but you can perform fundamental analysis on any security, from a bond to a derivative.

“There is some question whether or not they could get you to scan your face or your fingerprint,” said Susan Hennessey, a fellow at the Brookings Institution and a managing editor of Lawfare, a leading national security blog. “Ultimately, this is the next development in the already existing, open legal question.”

The law is ambiguous — and the uncertainty is likely to persist until a court case establishes clearer rules, analysts say.

While you can't legally be compelled to give up your passcode, some analysts say, courts have ruled that law enforcement can compel you to give up your fingerprint under certain conditions. Under a standard known as “reasonable suspicion,” you can be required to provide your fingerprint. Could the same standard be applied to your facial data? That's what is unclear.

That said, Americans enjoy one additional layer of legal protection. Even if a police officer uses your biometric information to unlock a phone, he or she must still obtain a search warrant to search the phone. The warrantless searching of cellphones was ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in Riley v. California in 2014.

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Job analysis (also known as work analysis ) is a family of procedures to identify the content of a job in terms of activities involved and attributes or job requirements needed to perform the activities. Job analysis provides information to organizations which helps to determine which employees are best fit

Policy analysis is a technique used in public administration to enable civil servants, activists, and others to examine and evaluate the available options to implement the goals of laws and elected officials. The process is also used in the administration of large organizations with complex policies.

“That's now established Supreme Court doctrine,” Calabrese said. Either way, he said, the best protection is probably to use a strong passcode.

Given how confusing the law can be on these issues, can't there be some kind of technological solution?

A partial one may be in the works. The new version of Apple's mobile operating system, iOS 11, is said to contain a fail-safe that will not only disable Touch ID, but also potentially Face ID. By pressing the power button five times in quick succession, an iPhone will stop accepting biometric data as an unlocking mechanism and require a passcode, according to the researcher who discovered the feature in a beta version of iOS 11.

It is not clear how long the fail-safe lasts before things revert to the regular mode. Apple did not respond to a request for comment.

The fail-safe could be the difference between protecting a user's sensitive data and having his or her entire digital life on display. But it won't work for everyone. In the heat of the moment, some may forget how to engage the fail-safe. Some may not even know that such an option exists. Or they may not have the opportunity to turn it on before their device gets confiscated.

iPhone X's Face ID challenge: Getting you to trust it

  iPhone X's Face ID challenge: Getting you to trust it Apple has a mountain to climb to get people to use Face ID. Here’s how the company will do it.That may take some convincing. Most people probably haven't been exposed to facial recognition technology in their daily lives. To the degree they're aware of it, they may well be suspicious after years of easily tricked facial recognition software and uncertainty about biometrics in general.

Static program analysis is the analysis of computer software that is performed without actually executing programs ( analysis performed on executing programs is known as dynamic analysis ). In most cases the analysis is performed on some version of the source code, and in the other cases

In finance, technical analysis is an analysis methodology for forecasting the direction of prices through the study of past market data, primarily price and volume. Behavioral economics and quantitative analysis use many of the same tools of technical analysis , which

This issue is going to become highly relevant to many Americans for whom phones are a constant companion. And just as policing affects certain communities differently than others, so will technologies like facial recognition risk endangering some Americans more than others.

“Responsible companies need to ask themselves, 'Where do we stop? Have we thought through the implications?'" said Katharina Kopp, director of policy for the Center for Digital Democracy, a privacy advocacy group.

Read more:

First impressions of the iPhone X: What I noticed about the screen, facial recognition and AR

Apple unveils new products, including the $1,000 iPhone X

Here's how the iPhone X compares to the Galaxy Note 8 .
Samsung's Galaxy Note 8 is the best Android smartphone you can buy. The iPhone X may soon be the best iPhone. Here's how they compare, on paper at least.One is the Galaxy Note 8, which you can buy right now. It's a different device on many levels. It runs Android, so you don't have access to Apple's sprawling ecosystem. And it's much larger than the iPhone X.

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