Money Judge: Canadian firm can go after Venezuela's US refineries

08:01  10 august  2018
08:01  10 august  2018 Source:   msn.com

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Judge : Canadian firm can go after Venezuela ' s US refineries . Trump's ties to Russia deepened in the 1990s after his casinos in Atlantic City began to go bankrupt and his companies went into US .4 billion of debt.

Venezuela ’ s efforts to stay afloat financially suffered another blow on Thursday when a judge in the US Crystallex therefore went after Citgo as compensation, arguing that PDV Holding Inc, which is The Houston-based company not only operates gas stations but has three refineries in the US with a

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CARACAS, Venezuela - A Canadian gold mining company on Thursday won the right to go after Venezuela's prized U.S.-based oil refineries and collect $1.4 billion it lost in a decade-old take-over by the late socialist President Hugo Chavez.

Chief Judge Leonard P. Stark of the U.S. Federal District Court in Delaware made the ruling in favour of Crystallex, striking a blow to crisis-wracked Venezuela, which stands to lose its most valuable asset outside of the country — Citgo.

Chavez took over the gold mining firm and many other international companies as part of his Bolivarian revolution that's left the country spiraling into deepening economic and political turmoil.

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In a lawsuit filed on Monday, the Canadian company asked the court to attach shares in Delaware-based PDV Holding, a PDVSA subsidiary, which owns refining firm Citgo Petroleum. Citgo operates three refineries and a system of pipelines and terminals in the US . The Venezuelan company has

Venezuela is almost completely dependent on oil exports, which have fallen by a third since its peak and its refineries ran at just 31 percent of capacity in the first quarter. The U . S . firm left the country after it could not reach a deal to convert its projects into joint ventures controlled by PDVSA.

Venezuelans struggle to afford scarce food and medicine as masses flee across the border. In a sign of rising political tensions, current President Nicolas Maduro threw an opposition lawmaker in jail this week, charged in a failed assassination plot using two drones loaded with explosives.

The latest order by the U.S. judge could set off a scramble by a long list of creditors owed $65 billion from bonds that cash-strapped Venezuela has stopped paying within the last year, said Russ Dallen, a Miami-based partner at the brokerage firm Caracas Capital Markets.

"This was the most vulnerable low hanging fruit for debtholders to go after," Dallen said. "It looks like Crystallex is the lucky lottery winner because they got there first."

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Pdvsa and the Venezuelan government are already in default on more than billion in bonds after failing to make interest payments since last fall. In pursuing its claim, ConocoPhillips could seek legal authority to seize assets owned by Pdvsa abroad, including oil tankers or the refineries and pipeline

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Chavez in early 2009 announced Venezuela's take-over of the Canadian mining operations in Bolivar state, a mineral rich region with one of the continent's largest gold deposits. He accused mining companies of damaging the environment and violating workers' rights.

Crystallex spent years trying to negotiate a deal with Venezuela before making its case in 2011 to a World Bank arbitration panel, which sided with the Canadian firm, despite Venezuela's vigorous fight.

U.S.-based Citgo, part of the state-run oil company PDVSA, has three refineries in Louisiana, Texas and Illinois in addition to a network of pipelines. If the order is carried out, Crystallex won't get all of Citgo — valued at $8 billion — but Venezuela could be forced to liquidate it to make good on the court order.

Today, the gold mining region once operated by Crystallex is largely lawless and dangerous, run by rogue miners who blast the earth with water and mercury to expose gold nuggets and sell them to government forces, often leading to deadly conflicts.

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An order from the Venezuelan Supreme Court specifically forbid him to speak with the news media, and we didn’t expect to get away When voting began on the morning after that October call, nothing went as expected. The judge who signed the warrant later admitted that she had been forced to do so.

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The judge's ruling is unique, because government assets, like PDVSA, are normally protected from lawsuits against a sovereign nation. But the judge found that Crystallex can attach Citgo's parent because Venezuela has erased the lines between the government and its oil firm, now run by a military general.

Upon issuing the order, the judge delayed enforcing it for a week, which Dallen said could be a move to give Crystallex and Venezuela time to reach an agreement, such as returning to payment terms of an earlier resolution, Dallen said.

"This gives Venezuela the chance to honour its settlement agreement," Dallen said. "Or they'll lose Citgo."

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