Money Turkey shaken by financial fears, Trump rattles it further

04:35  11 august  2018
04:35  11 august  2018 Source:   msn.com

Toronto stock market lower, loonie slips

  Toronto stock market lower, loonie slips Canada's main stock index closed in the red Monday along with U.S. markets as concerns about economic instability in Turkey continued to weigh globally. This Week's Circulars require(["c.deferred"], function () { require({ js: '//api.circularhub.com/msn/module.loader.min.js' }); }); "The clear headliner today that's sapping a bit of the optimism in the markets is worries about what's happening in Turkey and the plunge in their currency," said Craig Fehr, a Canadian markets strategist with Edward Jones in St. Louis.

A financial shockwave ripped through Turkey on Friday as its currency nosedived on concerns about its economic policies and a dispute with the U.S., which President Donald Trump stoked further with a promise to double tariffs on the NATO ally.

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ANKARA, Turkey - A financial shockwave ripped through Turkey on Friday, when its currency nosedived on concerns about its economic policies and a dispute with the U.S., which President Donald Trump stoked further with a promise to double tariffs on the NATO ally.

The lira tumbled 14 per cent in one day, to 6.51 per dollar, a massive move for a currency that will make the Turkish poorer and further erode international investors' confidence in the country.

The currency's drop — 41 per cent so far this year — is a gauge of fear over a country coming to terms with years of high debt, international concern over President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's push to amass power, and a souring in relations with allies like the U.S.

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Turkey ’s unfolding economic crisis has deepened further after Donald Trump announced a doubling of US import tariffs on Turkish steel and aluminium, deepening the country’s currency freefall and rattling financial markets.

The diplomatic dispute with the U.S. was one of the triggers that turned market jitters into a full-blown route this week.

Turkey has arrested an American pastor and put him on trial for espionage and terror-related charges linked to a failed coup attempt in the country two years ago. The U.S. responded by slapping sanctions on Turkey and threatening more.

The sides held talks in Washington this week but failed to resolve the spat, and Trump took advantage of Turkey's turmoil on Friday to turn the screws on the country.

Trump tweeted that he had authorized the doubling of steel and aluminum tariffs "with respect to Turkey."

Trump said the tariffs on aluminum imports would be increased to 20 per cent and those on steel to 50 per cent as the Turkish lira "slides rapidly downward against our very strong Dollar!"

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Though Mr. Trump has yet to show significant concessions from the Europeans, they may deliver some out of fear of losing American support, something only No one is sure how many times Mr. Trump can shake the foundations of the international order before it collapses, either in part or in whole.

"Our relations with Turkey are not good at this time!" he wrote.

The United States is the biggest destination for Turkish steel exports with 11 per cent of the Turkish export volume. The lira fell further after Trump's tweet.

In what appears to be a diplomatic riposte, Turkey later said Erdogan had held a phone call with Russian President Vladimir Putin to discuss economic ties. It did not disclose details, but suggests Turkey might gravitate further away from its NATO allies toward co-operation with Russia, whose relations with the West are at their lowest since the Cold War.

Turkey's woes have been aggravated by investor worries about the economic policies of Erdogan, who won a new term in office in June with sweeping new powers.

Erdogan has been putting pressure on the central bank to not raise interest rates in order to keep fueling economic growth. He claims higher rates lead to higher inflation — the opposite of what standard economic theory says.

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  Turkish lira hits new record low after last session's free fall The Turkish lira touched a new record low in early Asian trade.The Turkish lira touched a new record low in early Asian trade after its free fall in the previous session.

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Independent analysts argue the central bank should instead raise rates to tame inflation and support the currency.

In modern economies, central banks are meant to be independent of governments to make sure they set policies that are best for the economy, not politicians. But since adopting increased powers, Erdogan appears to have greater control over the bank as well.

Erdogan on Friday appealed for calm and called on people to change foreign money into local lira.

"Change the euros, the dollars and the gold that you are keeping beneath your pillows into lira at our banks. This is a domestic and national struggle."

He appeared to blame foreigners for trying to hurt Turkey, saying: "This will be my people's response against those waging an economic war against us."

On Thursday, Erdogan said "If they have their dollar, we have the people, we have Allah."

The defiant tone and war rhetoric only hurt the lira more, before Erdogan's finance chief and son-in-law, Berat Albayrak, tried to ease investor concerns during a conference, saying the government would safeguard the independence of the central bank.

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Turkey ’s economy is only the 17th largest in the world, but its problems are worsening as Mr. Trump ’s trade war is rattling global commerce, damaging longtime alliances and threatening economic growth worldwide. There is also widespread fear among foreign investors that the populist, authoritarian

"One of our principles will be ensuring the full independence of monetary policy," Abayrak said as he outlined his ministry's "new economic model."

The currency drop is particularly painful for Turkey because the country finances a lot of its economic growth with foreign money. As the currency drops, Turkish companies and households with debt in foreign currencies see the cost of repaying those loans expand.

Coupled with an inflation rate of nearly 16 per cent, that could cause severe damage to the local economy.

Foreign investors could be spooked and try to pull their money out, reinforcing the currency drop and potentially leading to financial instability.

Aylin Ertan, a 43-year-old caterer in Ankara, said she was concerned over the future of her small business.

"The price of the food that I buy increases day by day, the fuel that I put in my car to distribute lunches is more expensive, but I cannot raise my prices from one day to the next," she said. "On some days, I end the day with a loss."

Turkey's woes also shook world markets, pushing down stock indexes. On Wall Street, the S&P 500 slid 20.30 points, or 0.7 per cent, to 2,833.28, its worst loss in a month.

The euro sagged to a 13-month low against the dollar on concerns that European banks operating in Turkey could suffer losses.

But analysts say that while there may be losses at some banks, Turkey's economic problems do not pose a big threat to Europe or other big economies like the United States.

Turkey’s Currency Crisis Tests Erdogan’s Authoritarian Approach .
Turks are bracing for more financial turmoil. Economists warn that the problem is broader and deeper than a spat with the United States.ISTANBUL — President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has long made clear that he considered no part of Turkish life beyond his reach, not least the economy.

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